25 March, 2018
A Brief History of Various Different Rug Weavers
For over two centuries, Turkish carpets especially Kysari Silk Carpets, with their vivid colors, intricate designs, and delicate weaving — have won worldwide acclaim. In contrast to the frequently used chemical dyes in cities, Turkish carpet makers use natural ingredients to dye the silk. For example, brown comes from walnuts, and yellow comes from saffron. Aside from wool, silk is another important material used in making carpets. And by putting cocoons into boiling water — silk is gradually extracted and rolled. .Floral and curvy designs makes these carpets to have over 300 knots per square inch. Kysari silk carpets have over 200 different flower patterns.
Contemporaneous records show that the silk weaving ateliers of Bursa and Istanbul were carefully monitored by the Ottoman Court, the number of looms and the usage of precious metals was strictly controlled and workshops producing anything but the highest quality of textiles were forcibly closed down. It would follow that the designs were also closely monitored and that weavers and designers were forced to follow strict guidelines as to form and content and could, therefore, only show their creativity and inventiveness within a very narrow remit. With a limited number of ornaments and a restricted range of color the Ottoman textile designers were able to achieve impressive versatility using barely perceptible changes and by constantly modifying composition and using alternative combinations of motifs. They were able to ensure that within the considerable number of silks with offset rows of carnations that are extant, there are very few identical examples. Carnations have five, seven or even nine petals, they may have variations of floral sprays within each petal or none; the root, leaf and secondary palmette motifs have minute permutations and subtle changes. Although crimson velvet is the dominant color, green, blue, ivory and yellow detailing can be used along with endless variations within the placement and usage of gilt and silver metal thread.
Sivas is a city of north central Turkey, which is a production site of Turkish rugs based on Persian designs. Older rugs have wool foundation while recent ones use cotton. Rugs can have either the asymmetrical or the symmetrical knot. Sivas carpets are appreciated as some of the most well-made and decorative of room-sized Turkish rugs. Often finely woven, Sivas carpets tend to be made within a classically-derived Persian idiom of medallion and all over designs utilizing palmettes and vine scrolls. Some Sivas rugs recreate the grandeur of early classical carpets. But their palette is generally soft, with emphasis on ivory ground tones and pastel coloration in the details. Consequently, they are superior decorative rugs for interiors that require a formal and elegant touch.
The town of Hereke in northwest Anatolia has been recognized worldwide for its silk rugs confined to 3′ x 5 to 4′ x 6′. But Hereke Weavers also produce good quality woolen items with Persian designs. Woolen Hereke are made in a range of sizes, including large room sized carpets. In the beginning of the 19th and 20th centuries, the palace based in Istanbul and in Hereke, The rugs woven in Kumkapi (Istanbul) and Hereke gained worldwide recognition. The finest silk rugs in the world are still being woven in Hereke today. We can identify the rugs woven in different regions as town or village rugs. The rugs woven in the agricultural areas of Anatolia owe their origins to the settlers or nomadic cultures.
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